Bengal Tiger

Largest extant cat species Most recognisable and popular of the world’s charismatic megafauna Apex predator Territorial and generally solitary Since the early 20th century, tiger populations have lost at least 93% of their historic range listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List. India is home to 80% of tigers in the world. 2006 – 1,411 2010...

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Pyrenean ibex 

Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica Commonly known by the name Bucardo Was one of the four subspecies of wild goat to inhabit the Iberian Peninsula 14 C – inhabited much of the northern Iberian Peninsula (most common in the Cantabrian Mountains, Southern France, and the northern Pyrenees) 17 C – their population...

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Passenger pigeon

Ectopistes migratorius It is estimated that there were 3 billion to 5 billion passenger pigeons at the time Europeans discovered America. It is believed that this species once constituted 25 to 40 per cent of the total bird population of the United States. Flocks formed avian clouds across eastern North America,...

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Sivatherium

Extinct genus of giraffids Ranged throughout Africa to the Indian subcontinent Late Pliocene-Modern (5 million-10,000 years ago) S. giganteum remains have been recovered from the Himalayan foothills, dating around 1 million years ago. Suggestions have been made that S. maurusium may have gone extinct as recently as 8,000 years ago. Sivatherium...

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Tyrannosaurus Rex

Etymology – “tyranno” means tyrant in Greek; “saurus” means lizard in Greek, and “rex” means “king” in Latin. Huge predatory dinosaurs with small arms and two-fingered hands T. rex fossils are found in western North America, from Alberta to Texas. T.rex lived at the very end of the Late...

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ALDABRA TORTOISE

Geochelone gigantea Second only to the Galapagos tortoise in the world. Native to Aldabra Island, one of the Seychelles northeast of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.  Aldabra tortoise is the only remaining species out of 18 former species of tortoise that once flourished on the islands of the Indian...

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Skull cast – Rhodesian Man 

(Homo heidelbergensis) Middle Stone Age fossil Nickname: Rhodesian Man Site: Kabwe, Zambia (on in a lead and zinc mine, 18 meters below the ground level) Year of Discovery:  June 17th, 1921 Discovered by: Tom Zwiglaar Age: Between 324,000 and 274,000 years old Original specimen: Natural History Museum, London     First early human fossil ever...

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Asian elephant

(Elephas maximus)  Over 200 bones make up the Elephant’s skeletal system.  It has seven neck vertebrae, but unlike most herbivores, the elephant’s vertebrae are flat disc shapes to support the weight of the tusks and trunk.  The ribs extend down most of the spine to form a large barrel...

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Indian rhinoceros

Rhinoceros unicornis Interesting notes Original Skin Mounted Specimen Ex – Zoo inmates (Mani & Rita) Technique involved – Taxidermy This technique was born in England (18thcentury). In earlier periods when new species of mammals, fowl and fish were still being discovered, naturalists sought to preserve them for classification.  The...

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Cowtail stingray 

Pastinachus sephen  Class: Chondrichthyes Order: Myliobatiformes Family: Dasyatidae Distribution and habitat It has a widespread distribution in the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific, from South Africa and the Red Seato Japan and Australia, including Melanesia and Micronesia. They are amphidromous and known to enter estuaries and rivers. They are usually found on sandy bottoms in coastal waters and on coral reefs to a depth...

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